LiveKit JS Client SDK - v2.0.3

The LiveKit icon, the name of the repository and some sample code in the background.

JavaScript/TypeScript client SDK for LiveKit

Use this SDK to add real-time video, audio and data features to your JavaScript/TypeScript app. By connecting to a self- or cloud-hosted LiveKit server, you can quickly build applications like interactive live streaming or video calls with just a few lines of code.

Docs

Docs and guides at https://docs.livekit.io

SDK reference

[!NOTE] This is v2 of livekit-client. When migrating from v1.x to v2.x you might encounter a small set of breaking changes. Read the migration guide for a detailed overview of what has changed.

Installation

Yarn

yarn add livekit-client

NPM

npm install livekit-client --save

Minified JS

To use the SDK without a package manager, you can include it with a script tag:

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/livekit-client/dist/livekit-client.umd.min.js"></script>

The module will be exported under LivekitClient in the global namespace. When accessing symbols from the class, you'd need to prefix them with LivekitClient.. For example, Room becomes LivekitClient.Room.

Usage

Examples below are in TypeScript, if using JS/CommonJS imports replace import with:

const livekit = require('livekit-client');

const room = new livekit.Room(...);

// call this some time before actually connecting to speed up the actual connection
room.prepareConnection(url, token);

await room.connect(...);

Connecting to a room, publish video & audio

import {
Participant,
RemoteParticipant,
RemoteTrack,
RemoteTrackPublication,
Room,
RoomEvent,
} from 'livekit-client';

// creates a new room with options
const room = new Room({
// automatically manage subscribed video quality
adaptiveStream: true,

// optimize publishing bandwidth and CPU for published tracks
dynacast: true,

// default capture settings
videoCaptureDefaults: {
resolution: VideoPresets.h720.resolution,
},
});

// pre-warm connection, this can be called as early as your page is loaded
room.prepareConnection(url, token);

// set up event listeners
room
.on(RoomEvent.TrackSubscribed, handleTrackSubscribed)
.on(RoomEvent.TrackUnsubscribed, handleTrackUnsubscribed)
.on(RoomEvent.ActiveSpeakersChanged, handleActiveSpeakerChange)
.on(RoomEvent.Disconnected, handleDisconnect)
.on(RoomEvent.LocalTrackUnpublished, handleLocalTrackUnpublished);

// connect to room
await room.connect('ws://localhost:7800', token);
console.log('connected to room', room.name);

// publish local camera and mic tracks
await room.localParticipant.enableCameraAndMicrophone();

function handleTrackSubscribed(
track: RemoteTrack,
publication: RemoteTrackPublication,
participant: RemoteParticipant,
) {
if (track.kind === Track.Kind.Video || track.kind === Track.Kind.Audio) {
// attach it to a new HTMLVideoElement or HTMLAudioElement
const element = track.attach();
parentElement.appendChild(element);
}
}

function handleTrackUnsubscribed(
track: RemoteTrack,
publication: RemoteTrackPublication,
participant: RemoteParticipant,
) {
// remove tracks from all attached elements
track.detach();
}

function handleLocalTrackUnpublished(
publication: LocalTrackPublication,
participant: LocalParticipant,
) {
// when local tracks are ended, update UI to remove them from rendering
publication.track.detach();
}

function handleActiveSpeakerChange(speakers: Participant[]) {
// show UI indicators when participant is speaking
}

function handleDisconnect() {
console.log('disconnected from room');
}

In order to connect to a room, you need to first create an access token.

See access token docs for details

Handling common track types

While LiveKit is designed to be flexible, we've added a few shortcuts that makes working with common track types simple. For a user's camera, microphone, and screen share, you can enable them with the following LocalParticipant methods:

const p = room.localParticipant;
// turn on the local user's camera and mic, this may trigger a browser prompt
// to ensure permissions are granted
await p.setCameraEnabled(true);
await p.setMicrophoneEnabled(true);

// start sharing the user's screen, this will trigger a browser prompt to select
// the screen to share.
await p.setScreenShareEnabled(true);

// disable camera to mute them, when muted, the user's camera indicator will be turned off
await p.setCameraEnabled(false);

Similarly, you can access these common track types on the other participants' end.

// get a RemoteParticipant by their identity
const p = room.remoteParticipants.get('participant-identity');
if (p) {
// if the other user has enabled their camera, attach it to a new HTMLVideoElement
if (p.isCameraEnabled) {
const publication = p.getTrackPublication(Track.Source.Camera);
if (publication?.isSubscribed) {
const videoElement = publication.videoTrack?.attach();
// do something with the element
}
}
}

Creating a track prior to creating a room

In some cases, it may be useful to create a track before creating a room. For example, when building a staging area so the user may check their own camera.

You can use our global track creation functions for this:

const tracks = await createLocalTracks({
audio: true,
video: true,
});

Publish tracks from any source

LiveKit lets you publish any track as long as it can be represented by a MediaStreamTrack. You can specify a name on the track in order to identify it later.

const pub = await room.localParticipant.publishTrack(mediaStreamTrack, {
name: 'mytrack',
simulcast: true,
// if this should be treated like a camera feed, tag it as such
// supported known sources are .Camera, .Microphone, .ScreenShare
source: Track.Source.Camera,
});

// you may mute or unpublish the track later
pub.setMuted(true);

room.localParticipant.unpublishTrack(mediaStreamTrack);

Device management APIs

Users may have multiple input and output devices available. LiveKit will automatically use the one that's deemed as the default device on the system. You may also list and specify an alternative device to use.

We use the same deviceId as one returned by MediaDevices.enumerateDevices().

Example listing and selecting a camera device

// list all microphone devices
const devices = await Room.getLocalDevices('audioinput');

// select last device
const device = devices[devices.length - 1];

// in the current room, switch to the selected device and set
// it as default audioinput in the future.
await room.switchActiveDevice('audioinput', device.deviceId);

You can also switch devices given a constraint. This could be useful on mobile devices to switch to a back-facing camera:

await videoTrack.restartTrack({
facingMode: 'environment',
});

Handling device failures

When creating tracks using LiveKit APIs (connect, createLocalTracks, setCameraEnabled, etc), it's possible to encounter errors with the underlying media device. In those cases, LiveKit will emit RoomEvent.MediaDevicesError.

You can use the helper MediaDeviceFailure.getFailure(error) to determine specific reason for the error.

  • PermissionDenied - the user disallowed capturing devices
  • NotFound - the particular device isn't available
  • DeviceInUse - device is in use by another process (happens on Windows)

These distinctions enables you to provide more specific messaging to the user.

You could also retrieve the last error with LocalParticipant.lastCameraError and LocalParticipant.lastMicrophoneError.

Audio playback

Browsers can be restrictive with regards to audio playback that is not initiated by user interaction. What each browser considers as user interaction can vary by vendor (for example, Safari on iOS is very restrictive).

LiveKit will attempt to autoplay all audio tracks when you attach them to audio elements. However, if that fails, we'll notify you via RoomEvent.AudioPlaybackStatusChanged. Room.canPlaybackAudio will indicate if audio playback is permitted. LiveKit takes an optimistic approach so it's possible for this value to change from true to false when we encounter a browser error.

In the case user interaction is required, LiveKit provides Room.startAudio to start audio playback. This function must be triggered in an onclick or ontap event handler. In the same session, once audio playback is successful, additional audio tracks can be played without further user interactions.

room.on(RoomEvent.AudioPlaybackStatusChanged, () => {
if (!room.canPlaybackAudio) {
// UI is necessary.
...
button.onclick = () => {
// startAudio *must* be called in an click/tap handler.
room.startAudio().then(() => {
// successful, UI can be removed now
button.remove();
});
}
}
});

Configuring logging

This library uses loglevel for its internal logs. You can change the effective log level with the logLevel field in ConnectOptions. The method setLogExtension allows to hook into the livekit internal logs and send them to some third party logging service

setLogExtension((level: LogLevel, msg: string, context: object) => {
const enhancedContext = { ...context, timeStamp: Date.now() };
if (level >= LogLevel.debug) {
console.log(level, msg, enhancedContext);
}
});

Examples

SDK Sample

example/sample.ts contains a demo webapp that uses the SDK. Run it with pnpm install && pnpm sample

Browser Support

Browser Desktop OS Mobile OS
Chrome Windows, macOS, Linux Android
Firefox Windows, macOS, Linux Android
Safari macOS iOS
Edge (Chromium) Windows, macOS

We aim to support a broad range of browser versions by transpiling the library code with babel. You can have a look at the "browerslist" section of package.json for more details.

Note that the library requires some specific browser APIs to be present. You can check general compatibility with the helper function isBrowserSupported(). Support for more modern features like adaptiveStream and dynacast can be checked for with supportsAdaptiveStream() and supportsDynacast().

If you are targeting legacy browsers, but still want adaptiveStream functionality you'll likely need to use polyfills for ResizeObserver and IntersectionObserver.

Also when targeting legacy browsers, older than the ones specified in our browserslist target, make sure to transpile the library code to your desired target and include required polyfills with babel and/or corejs.


LiveKit Ecosystem
Real-time SDKsReact Components · JavaScript · iOS/macOS · Android · Flutter · React Native · Rust · Python · Unity (web) · Unity (beta)
Server APIsNode.js · Golang · Ruby · Java/Kotlin · Python · Rust · PHP (community)
Agents FrameworksPython · Playground
ServicesLivekit server · Egress · Ingress · SIP
ResourcesDocs · Example apps · Cloud · Self-hosting · CLI

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